BlackBerry smartphones, tablets, and services were originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).
These are currently designed, manufactured, and marketed by TCL Communication (under the brand of BlackBerry Mobile), BB Merah Putih, and Optiemus Infracom for the global, Indonesian, and South Asian markets (respectively) using the BlackBerry brand under license.
BlackBerry was one of the most prominent smartphone vendors in the world, specializing in secure communications and mobile productivity, and well known for the keyboards on most of its devices. At its peak in September 2013, there were 85 million BlackBerry subscribers worldwide. However, BlackBerry has since lost its dominant position in the market due to the success of the Android and iOS platforms; their numbers had fallen to 23 million in March 2016.